The US Passport Applications, 1795-1905 are indexed on Fold3.com. Non-subscribers to the site can search the passport application from 1795-1905 on Fold3.com and view "mini" versions of the documents and source information without a membership. This is done after searching and clicking on "quick look" after the search results come up.
Here is my search for the last name of Goldenstein.
This pulls up the screen with more information:
On Archive.org, I searched for "passport applications 685" (without the quotes) as shown below:
The passport application from 1795-1905 are on Fold3.com. They are also on Ancestry.com from 1795-1925 as well. But you can't do this trick with Ancestry.com.